Beer and Malt

Beer and Malt

Alpha-Amylase

Alpha-Amylase

Anthocyanin

Anthocyanin

Bitterness

Bitterness

Color

Color

Diacetyl

Diacetyl

Diastatic Power

Diastatic Power

Ethanol

Ethanol

Free Amino Nitrogen (FAN)

Free Amino Nitrogen (FAN)

Iron

Iron

pH

pH

Polyphenols

Polyphenols

Protein

Protein

ß-Glucan

ß-Glucan

Soluble Protein

Soluble Protein

Thiobarbituric acid index (TBI)

Thiobarbituric acid index (TBI)

Total Reducing Sugars

Total Reducing Sugars

Total Sulfur Dioxide

Total Sulfur Dioxide

Detergents

Detergents

Amylase

Amylase

Cellulase

Cellulase

Lipase

Lipase

Perborate

Perborate

Phosphate Species/Total

Phosphate Species/Total

Protease

Protease

Silicate

Silicate

TAED

TAED

Food and Beverages

Food and Beverages

Ammonia / TKN

Ammonia / TKN

Carbon

Carbon

Chloride

Chloride

Cyanide Total / Free / Available / WAD

Cyanide Total / Free / Available / WAD

Hydroxyproline

Hydroxyproline

Lactic acid

Lactic acid

Nitrate

Nitrate

Nitrite

Nitrite

Nitrogen

Nitrogen

Pectin

Pectin

Phosphate (ortho/total)

Phosphate (ortho/total)

Protein

Protein

Starch

Starch

Sulfate

Sulfate

Total Reducing Sugars

Total Reducing Sugars

Total SO2

Total SO2

Vitamins

Vitamins

Industrial

Industrial

Aluminium

Aluminium

Cyanide Total / Free / Available / WAD

Cyanide Total / Free / Available / WAD

Fluoride

Fluoride

Thiocyanat

Thiocyanat

Pharmaceuticals

Pharmaceuticals

Carbonate / Bicarbonate

Carbonate / Bicarbonate

Dextran

Dextran

Gluctose / Fructose / Saccharose

Gluctose / Fructose / Saccharose

Glutamic Acid

Glutamic Acid

Lactic Acid

Lactic Acid

Phosphate

Phosphate

Protein

Protein

Total Organic Carbon

Total Organic Carbon

Vitamin

Vitamin

Soil, Plant and Fertilizer

Soil, Plant and Fertilizer

Ammonia / TKN

Ammonia / TKN

Bicarbonate

Bicarbonate

Calcium

Calcium

Carbon

Carbon

Chloride

Chloride

Clay Fraction

Clay Fraction

Conductivity

Conductivity

Magnesium

Magnesium

Molybdene

Molybdene

Nitrate

Nitrate

Nitrite

Nitrite

pH

pH

Phosphate

Phosphate

Potassium/Sodium

Potassium/Sodium

Soluble Nitrogen

Soluble Nitrogen

Sulfate

Sulfate

Total nitrogen

Total nitrogen

Total Phosphate

Total Phosphate

Urea

Urea

Tobacco

Tobacco

Acetaldehyde

Acetaldehyde

Alpha-Amino Nitrogen

Alpha-Amino Nitrogen

Ammonia / TKN

Ammonia / TKN

Chloride

Chloride

Cyanide

Cyanide

Glucose / Fructose / Saccharose

Glucose / Fructose / Saccharose

Nicotine

Nicotine

Nitrate

Nitrate

Nitrite

Nitrite

Reducing Sugars / Total

Reducing Sugars / Total

Total Nitrogen

Total Nitrogen

Water

Water

Alkalinity

Alkalinity

Aluminium

Aluminium

Ammonia

Ammonia

Ammonia; Total N

Ammonia; Total N

BOD

BOD

Calcium

Calcium

Carbon

Carbon

Chloride

Chloride

Chromium VI

Chromium VI

COD

COD

Color

Color

Conductivity

Conductivity

Cyanide

Cyanide

Cyanide Total / Free / Available / WAD

Cyanide Total / Free / Available / WAD

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde

Hardness

Hardness

Iron

Iron

Iron 2+

Iron 2+

Magnesium

Magnesium

Nitrate

Nitrate

Nitrate/Nitrite

Nitrate/Nitrite

Nitrite

Nitrite

Oxygen

Oxygen

Phenols Total

Phenols Total

Phosphate Total/Ortho

Phosphate Total/Ortho

Silicate

Silicate

Sulphate

Sulphate

Surfactants (MBAS)

Surfactants (MBAS)

TKN

TKN

Total Nitrogen

Total Nitrogen

Total Organic Carbon

Total Organic Carbon

Turbidity

Turbidity

Wine

Wine

Acetic Acid

Acetic Acid

Acidity Total

Acidity Total

Benzoic Acid

Benzoic Acid

Chloride

Chloride

Citric Acid

Citric Acid

Cyanide Total / Free

Cyanide Total / Free

Ethanol

Ethanol

Glucose / Fructose / Saccharose

Glucose / Fructose / Saccharose

Glycerol

Glycerol

Lactic Acid

Lactic Acid

Malic Acid

Malic Acid

Nitrate

Nitrate

pH

pH

Sorbic Acid

Sorbic Acid

Sulfur Dioxide Total/Free

Sulfur Dioxide Total/Free

Tartaric Acid

Tartaric Acid

Total Reducing Sugars

Total Reducing Sugars

Volatile Acidity

Volatile Acidity

San++

San++

BluVision™

BluVision™

Formacs SERIES

Formacs SERIES

Primacs SERIES

Primacs SERIES

Robotic Analyzers

Robotic Analyzers

Carbon/Nitrogen analysis solids

Carbon/Nitrogen analysis solids

Colorimetric automation

Colorimetric automation

Continuous Flow Analysis

Continuous Flow Analysis

Digestion

Digestion

Discrete Analysis

Discrete Analysis

DUMAS Nitrogen/Protein analysis

DUMAS Nitrogen/Protein analysis

Robotics

Robotics

Sample handling/preparation

Sample handling/preparation

TOC/TN analysis liquids

TOC/TN analysis liquids

Biochemical Oxygen Demand

Biochemical Oxygen Demand

Chemical Oxygen Demand

Chemical Oxygen Demand

Conductivity

Conductivity

pH / Conductivity / Titrations / Turbidity / Color

pH / Conductivity / Titrations / Turbidity / Color

Soil-pH

Soil-pH

Food and Feed

Food and Feed

Environment

Environment

Soil, Plant & Fertilizer

Soil, Plant & Fertilizer

Beer & Malt

Beer & Malt

Wine

Wine

Tobacco

Tobacco

Overview

Food and feed products are analyzed for several reasons, such as monitoring product quality, guarantee food safety and compliancy with international regulations. Skalar developed two analyzers for the food and feed industry: the PrimacsSN100 nitrogen/protein analyzer and the Sanseries continuous flow analyzer.

Monitoring the quality of water and testing it regularly is very important to maintain reliable and safe water sources and eliminate the potential health and environmental risks. Skalar developed four analyzers for the environmental industry: the Sanseries continuous flow analyzer, BluVisionTM discreet analyzer, the Formacsseries TOC/TN analyzer and the SP2000 Robotic analyzer.

Testing soil is important for several reasons: to optimize crop production, to protect the environment from contamination by runoff and leaching of excess fertilizers, to improve the nutritional balance of the growing crops etc. Skalar has developed three analyzers for the soil, plant & fertilizer industry: the Sanseries continuous flow analyzer, the Primacsseries carbon/nitrogen analyzer and the SP2000 Robotic analyzer.

Malt, wort and beer analyses are essential to control the brewing quality during the production of beer. Skalar has developed three analyzers for the brewing industry: the Sanseries continuous flow analyzer, the PrimacsSN100 nitrogen/protein analyzer and the SP2000 Robotic analyzers.

To maintain high standards, quality control laboratories test the raw materials to insure the quality of the finished product. Skalar developed the Sanseries continuous flow analyzer for the wine industry.

To be able to maintain the high industry standards, Skalar’s analyzers are able to test the raw tobacco materials to insure the quality of the finished product. The Sanseries continuous flow analyzer and the SP2000 Robotic analyzer are the most suitable analyzers for the tobacco industry.

Sanseries

The Sanseries is ideal for analyzing large series of beer & malt samples in one batch on multiple parameters with complex analysis methods such as diacetyl, polyphenols and anthocyanogen.

A typical five channel beer analyzer is configured with modules for bitterness, total SO2, free amino nitrogen, polyphenols and diacetyl. A malt analyzer usually carries applications such as diastatic power, α-amylase, FAN, ß-glucan and color. The Sanseries analyzer can be equipped with autosamplers ranging in capacity to accommodate sample batches of all sizes and with the possibility of an integrated auto-diluter for overrange samples. The autosamplers range from 50 up to 576 sample positions. A total of 16 parameters can be analyzed simultaneously.

Features of the Sanseries analyzer

  • Methods according to EBC, ASBC, MEBAK etc.
  • Unattended automatic start-up and shutdown
  • Integration of various detectors for beer and malt analysis, such as the fluorimeter and the UV / VIS detector
  • Skalar FlowAccessTM software with real time graphics, data calculation and data export to Excel / LIMS
  • Analyses of up to 16 parameters at the same time
  • Autosamplers range from 50 up to 576 sample positions

Parameters

Acetaldehyde Ethanol
Amino Nitrogen (free) Glucan
Amylase Nitrate + Nitrite
Bicarbonate Nitrogen
Bitterness pH
Carbohydrate Polyphenols
Carbonate Protein
Color Protein Soluble
Density Sulfite
Diacetyl Sulfur Dioxide
Diastatic Power Viscosity

Sanseries

The Sanseries analyzer – the automated continuous flow analyzer

The Sanseries analyzers can be used in the food and feed industry as well as the PrimacsSN100 analyzers. This analyzer is able to analyze various applications such as milk, starch, cereals, rice and meat. 

Features of the Sanseries analyzer

  • Fast sample through-put, up to 140 analyses per hour
  • Can run up to 16 parameters simultaneously 
  • Autosamplers for 40 up to 800 positions are available
  • Automatic preperation of working standards

The analyses comply to standard methods as EPA, ISO, AOAC, Coresta, EBC, ASBC and many more. 

Parameters 

Amino Acids (total) Niacinamide
Amino Nitrogen (free) Nicotinamide
Ammonia Nicotinic Acid
Amylase Nitrate + Nitrite (Hydrazine red.)
Ascorbic Acid (Vit. C) Nitrate + Nitrite (Cd. Red.)
Benzoic Acid Nitrite
Caffeine Orcinol (sugar value)
Calcium Phosphate
Carbohydrate Protein
Chloride Pyruvate
Creatine (enzymatic) Reducing sugars
Creatine / Creatinine Riboflavin
Fluoride Sodium and potassium
Galactose (D) Sorbic Acid
Glucose, fructose, saccharose  Sugars
L-Glutamic Acid Sulfite
L-Glutamic Acid (enzyme) Sulfur dioxide
Hydroxyproline Thiamine
Iodine Turbidity
Iron Vitamin B1
L-Lactic Acid / D-Lactic Acid Vitamin B2
Lactose Vitamin B3
Lipase Vitamin B5
L-Lysine Vitamin B6
L-Malic Acid Vitamin PP
Niacin Volatile Acidity

 

 

Sanseries

The Sanseries Automatic Wine Analyzer

Skalar’s automated wine analyzer has been in use for many years in the wine industry, and is designed to comply with standard methodologies. The automated routine methods and the short analysis times, enables operators to increase the throughput and thus increase the overall capacity of the laboratory. Short response times to detect changes in production are important for a better control of the process.

Each analytical module is configured for a specific parameter and complies with national and international guidelines. A total of 16 parameters can be analyzed at the same time. A typical five channel San++ Wine analyzer can hold modules for Total SO2, Free SO2, Volatile Acidity, Malic Acid, Total Acidity and others.

Skalar’s autosamplers range from a 50 position up to a 576 position sampler with the possibility of an integrated diluter. All wine parameters can be analyzed within 2 minutes a sample, thus making the analyzer an ideal tool for facilities with a high number of samples.

Features of the Sanseries analyzer

  • In-line dialysis for sample blank correction
  • Unattended automatic start-up and shutdown
  • Automatic preparation of working standard methods and sample dilutions
  • Analysis from 1 up to 16 parameters simultaneously

Parameters

Acetic Acid Malic Acid (L)
Acidity (total) Nitrate + Nitrite
Ammonia pH
Chloride Phosphate (O, tot., hydrol.)
Citric Acid Red. Sugars (total)
Cyanide Sodium Potassium
Density Ethanol Sorbic Acid
Fluoride (ISE) Sulphate
Gluconic Acid (D) / Glucose / Fructose / Sacch Sulphur Dioxide
Glycerol Hydroxymethylfurfural Tartaric Acid
Lactic Acid (L/D) Volatile Acidity

Sanseries

The Sanseries has been successfully used in water laboratories for decades.

The Sanseries has a flexible modular design and can be used for simultaneous and sequential analyses of routine colorimetric determinations as for example ammonia, nitrate, phosphate, chloride and sulphate. The analyzer is able to analyze 10 to 800 samples a day.

The CFA is a highly flexible flow-through analyzer system that can analyze up to 16 parameters at the same time with a range of different detectors. The closed analytical system is ideal for contamination free low level analysis as for example in seawater.

Features of the Sanseries analyzer

  • High capacity through multi parameters and controlled start-up and shut-down
  • Analyze sub ppb to high ppm levels
  • Autosamplers for 40-800 sample positions available
  • Automatic preparation of working standards from a stock standard
  • Automatic pre- and post dilution of overrange samples
  • Simultaneously multiple extract handling

Parameters

Alkalinity Hydrogen Sulfide
Aluminum Iodine
Amino Acids Iron II + III
Ammonia Iron (total)
Anionic Surfactants Magnesium
Bicarbonate Manganese
Boron Methanol
Bromide Methylene Blue Active s.
Calcium Nickel
Carbonate Nitrate + Nitrite
COD Nitrite
Chloride Nitrogen
Chlorine Nonionic
Chromium VI pH
Cobalt Phenol
Color Phosphate
Conductivity Potassium Permanganete
Copper Protein (Lowry)
Cyanide Silicate
Dissolved Organic Carbon Sodium / Potassium
Ethanol Sulfate
Fluoride Sulfide
Formaldehyde Sulfur Dioxide
Hardness Total Organic Carbon
Hydrazine Urea

Sanseries

The Sanseries analyzer provides the most proven and reliable technology available today for routine analysis of nutrients and minerals in soils, plants and fertilizers.

The analyzers can handle large numbers of samples, saving costs and labor, increasing accuracy and shortening laboratory response time. The analyzers have a flexible modern design and can be configured to meet the needs of any laboratory. Smaller workloads with one or two chemistries can be handled, but also bigger workloads with as many as 500 samples a day. Up to 16 parameters can be analyzed simultaneously and 4 different sample matrices can be introduced at once if required.

The optimized analyzer configuration for each requirement can be achieved by choosing specific samplers, chemistries and detectors. The analyzer can be expanded at any time when the need arises.

Features of the Sanseries analyzer

  • Suitable for each sample extract and digest
  • Unattended overnight operation for extended analysis capacity in peak seasons
  • Results are expressed in the concentration unit required such as ppm, milliequivalents, g / kg
  • Simultaneously multiple extract handling

Parameters

Aluminum Manganese
Ammonia Nitrate + Nitrite
Bicarbonate Nitrogen
Boron Pectin
Calcium Phenol
Carbohydrate Phosphate
Carbon Protein
Carbonate Red. Sugars
Chloride Silicate
Dissolved Organic Carbon Sodium / Potassium
Glucose Starch
Hydrogen Sulfide Sulfate
Iron II + III Sulfide
Iron (total) Urea
Magnesium Zinc

Sanseries

The Sanseries continuous flow analyzer – the automated analyzer for the tobacco industry.

The automated tobacco analyzer has been in use for many years in the tobacco industry, and is designed to comply with standard methodologies as Coresta and ISO. Skalar has worked with several tobacco laboratories to achieve proven, rapid, accurate and reliable results.

Features of the Sanseries analyzer

  • Unattended automatic start-up and shutdown
  • In-line dialysis for sample blank correction
  • Analysis from 1 up to 16 parameters at the same time
  • Various types of auto samples with 50 up to 576 sample positions

Parameters

Acetaldehyde Amino Nitrogen (free)
Ammonia Chloride
Citric Acid Cyanide
Glucose / Fructose / Saccharose Malic Acid
Niacin Niacinamide / Nicotinamide
Nitrate + Nitrite Nitrogen
Phosphate Sugars
Total Alkaloids / Nicotine Volatile Base

BluVision™

The BluVision™ has been specifically developed for the environmental field providing reliable and accurate low ppb level results for a variety of analytical parameters in a wide range of samples and matrices such as drinking water, wastewater, ground water and surface water.

The discrete analyzer integrates years of experience in the field of automated spectrophotometric analysis and robotic analyzers in one design. The analyzer easily automates the sample and reagent pipetting into the cuvettes, mixing, heating, blank correction, photometric measurement and many other functions depending on the preferences of the laboratory.

An analysis run can be set up batch-wise per sample or random access per parameter. The BluVision is capable of running up to 8 different parameters simultaneously and is perfectly suited for all your routine environmental analysis as well as for research purposes.

Features of the BluVisionTM

  • Additional automated functions: preparation of calibration standards from stock solutions, auto dilutions of over-range samples or re-analysis of samples
  • Disposable cuvette blocks, eliminating any carry-over between samples
  • Each cuvette block has 10 measuring positions
  • Complete “walk-away” automation: sample and reagent pipetting into the cuvettes, mixing, heating blank correction and measurement
  • Temperate controlled cuvette tray with 160 positions
  • Autoloader for an additional 48 cuvette blocks
  • Segregation of chemical waste, depending on disposal requirements

Parameters

Alkanity Free Iron
Free Aluminum Magnesium
Ammonia Nitrate + Nitrite
Calcium Nitrite
Chloride Free Phenols
Chromium IV Ortho Phosphate
Color Silicate
Free Cyanide Sulfate
Total Hardness  

FormacsSERIES

The Formacsseries TOC / TN analyzers provide fast analysis of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and Total Nitrogen (TN) in liquid samples using high temperature catalytic combustion.

The level of TOC is often used as an indicator of water quality during for instance the drinking water purification process as well as indicating the water quality of rivers, streams and lakes. TN levels are an important parameter for seawater, waste water treatment and industrial process control. As an additional option, the concentration of nitrate and nitrite can be measured which results in a true alternative to the Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) analysis. This eliminates the need of hazardous reagents.

The PrimacsMCS analyzer operates in combination the with FormacsHT, which offers an economical solution to laboratories analyzing TOC in aqueous samples as well as solid samples. Based on a dual oven design, the analyzer is capable of performing rapid and reliable separate determinations of TC, IC and TOC, and has been developed especially for solid materials including sludges and sediments. It has a small footprint and sample pre-treatment is not required.

Primacsseries

Monitoring total nitrogen/protein during the brewing process with the PrimacsSN100 analyzer  

The routine monitoring of total nitrogen/protein content during the brewing process is important to ensure the quality and stability of the beer products. Protein present in malt and wort is an important nutrient for yeast to ferment wort into beer. By measuring nitrogen, brewers can indicate the protein content in malt and wort.

Nitrogen measurement is normally done via the Kjeldahl technique, but this technique is not easy to automate. Additionally, the analysis time takes an hour or more and toxic or harmful reagents are used. Therefore, Skalar developed a nitrogen/protein analyzer that is using high temperature combustion according to the Dumas methodology.
The samples are automatically introduced in the high temperature combustion furnace through a unique vertical sample introduction system. Sample ashes remain in the crucible after the analysis and are taken out of the instrument with the removal of the crucible. This avoids sample ash build-up in the combustion zone and therefore reduces maintenance.

Features of the PrimacsSN100 analyzer

  • Alternative for Kjeldahl analysis
  • Sample weights up to 3g of solids
  • 100-position autosampler
  • Unique vertical sample introduction system

Primacs Dumas TN/Protein Analyzer

The PrimacsSN100 analyzer – the automated nitrogen/protein analyzer according to the Dumas combustion method

This analyzer has been specifically designed for commercial laboratories and food / feed producers that are looking for the perfect solution for automated nitrogen/protein analysis in food and feed samples.

The determination of nitrogen/protein is based upon the Dumas combustion method. During the 1990's the industry saw a shift from the Kjeldahl measuring technique to the Dumas measuring technique. The reason why this shift took place is because the Dumas technique has a faster analysis time, is fully automated, has a lower cost and is safer to use as hazardous chemicals are not needed during the combustion process.  This leads to a safer work place and is better for the environment. 

Features of the PrimacsSN100 analyzer

  • Rapid cycle time of 5 minutes
  • Sample mass up to 3.0 g
  • 100 position random access autosampler
  • Re-usable quartz crucibles, sample ashes remain in the crucible after each analysis which avoids sample ash build-up in the combustion zone and therefore reduces maintenance
  • Unique vertical sample introduction system
  • Combustion oven with a temperature range of 400 degrees Celsius up to 1200 degrees Celsius
  • Complicated samples as for example meat can be heated in various stages by the flex ramping system (patented)

Food quality

Food producers must ensure that they produce safe and high-quality products. The PrimacsSN100 analyzer has fully integrated methods for reliable routine analysis according to AACC, AOAC, ASBC, EBC, MEBAK, ICC, ISO, GB, LFGB, NYT etc. 

Applications

Skalar provides pre-installed methods for the following applications:

  • Cereals
  • Dairy products
  • Starch
  • Grain products
  • Meat
  • Animal feed
  • Rice
  • Malt & wort 

and many more.

Additionally, new application developments for specific samples is fully supported by Skalar's application laboratory in close cooperation with customers.

Primacsseries

A flexible solid sample analyzer with an integrated 100-position autosampler for the determination of Nitrogen and Carbon in soil. 

The PrimacsSNC100 analyzer is able to analyze Carbon and Nitrogen levels (C/N ratio) in soil. This is important because nitrogen is the main element for plant development and carbon is essential for the soil structure and the provision of nutrients. The PrimacsSNC100 uses high temperature combustion according to Dumas to provide fast, efficient and accurate analysis results for nitrogen (N), protein, total carbon (TC), total elemental carbon (TEC), total inorganic carbon (TIC) and total organic carbon (TOC) all in one unit.

Large sample loads can be analyzed as the analyzer is equipped with a 100-position autosampler. The sample rack is removable and re-usable ceramic crucibles are used for sample weights of up to 3 g of solid and up to 1 g of liquid material. Samples are introduced through a unique vertical sample introduction system. Sample ashes remain in the crucible after analysis and is taken out of the instrument with removal of the crucible. This avoids sample ash build-up in the combustion zone and therefore reduces maintenance. 

Features of the PrimacsSNC100

  • Analyses of TC, TIC, TEC, TOC and N/Protein
  • Re-usable ceramic crucibles
  • Unique vertical sample introduction system
  • Automatic balance interfacing
  • Fast and environmentally clean analysis
  • 100 position autosampler

Robotic analyzers

The SP2000 Beer & Wort analyzer for brewing quality control during beer production.

 

The SP2000 analyzer has been specifically developed for breweries that only need analyses on small batches of samples on single or multiple parameters. Every couple of hours, beer and wort samples need to be tested on various parameters and the results need to be provided instantly to the operators who control the brewing process. Besides this, breweries nowadays produce smaller batches of different beers instead of only large quantities of one beer. 

Bitterness is important to analyze during the beer production process. In order to maintain consistency of the bitterness in beer, it needs to be closely monitored. Skalar was able to automate the analysis of bitterness compounds such as iso-α-acids in beer and wort according to EBC, ASBC, MEBAK and other international methods.

The analyzer is controlled by RoboticAccessTM, a user friendly data handling software package, including a pre-set application procedure for bitterness, user definable sample table set up and extensive QC features. Additionally, more parameters can be added to this Robotic analyzer such as color, pH, SO2, polyphenol, iron and free amino nitrogen.

Features of the SP2000 analyzer

  • Complete automation incl. degassing of the samples, (de)-capping the sample tube, sample dilution, addition of reagents, mixing and measurement of the absorbance
  • Flexibility to process small or large batches and run single or multiparameter analysis
  • The iso-octane reagent consumption is reduced by a factor of 5 compared to the manual method

Robotic analyzers

Skalar offers various flexible and advanced sample handling systems for the routine analytical testing of drinking water, river water, lake water, industrial water, waste water, soil etc.

Fully automatic measurement is possible for parameters such as BOD, COD, pH, EC, turbidity, color, ISE applications, titrations and test kit applications such as ST-COD test according to ISO15705, TP/ TN & others. To illustrate the flexibility of our SP2000 robotic platform some examples of water applications are given below.

BOD analysis

  • Capacity of 18 up to 198 BOD bottles per batch
  • Automatic bottle (de)capping, sample pipetting, addition of reagents, measurement.
  • Possibility to measure and adjust the pH of the original sample
  • Automatic sample aeration before measurement  
  • Combinations with other analysis such as Conductivity, Alkalinity, Turbidity and Test kits possible on the same BOD platform
  • BOD analysis in accordance with (inter)national regulations such as EPA 405.1, ISO 5815-1, EN-1899-1/2, Standard Methods 5210 B, DIN 38409 etc. as well as customer specific methods

Conductivity/ pH/ Alkalinity/ Turbidity/Titrations/ Color in drinking water

  • Capacity of 32-352 containers
  • Automatic Measurement of pH, Alkalinity, EC, Turbidity & Color
  • In-line sample filtration prior to Color measurement
  • Automatic capping/de-capping and stirring 
  • Automatic rinsing of probe, stirrer, draining needle, filters and flow through cells
  • A choice of various other applications (acidity, hardness, fluoride etc.) and user selectable running sequence
  • Integration of a variety of sample racks, different types of sample beakers and a compatibility with different meters & probes

Test kit automation

  • Ready-to-use test kit applications such as the ST-COD, TP, TN, Ammonium, Nitrate, Nitrite, Sulfide and Phenol index.
  • Capacity: 24-336 test kits per batch 
  • Complete “walk away” automation mixing, heating, (de)-capping of sample and reagent tubes, sample pipetting, cooling & photometric measurement for test kit analysis
  • User-friendly no contact with toxic or corrosive reagents
  • Flexible, compatible with different meters & reaction tubes

Robotic analyzers

SP2000series pH / EC analysis in soil

The SP2000 analyzer is able to process large quantities of soil samples every day. pH in soil gives information about how to improve the quality of the soil, which will result in increased crop quantities and cost reduction. Besides pH analysis in soil, the analyzer can be extended with Electrical Conductivity (EC) measurement at the same time.

The SP2000 platform can be configured for measurement of soil-pH in water extracts as well as in KCl, CaCl2 or other extractants. The process includes automatic calibration of the probes, addition of extraction solution, automatic stirring, pre-defined sample settling times and pH measurement.

The capacity of the instrument ranges between 32 up to 352 containers, based on 100 ml vials. Customized racks and vials can be implemented as well. The analyzer can be configured with multiple probes (up to 16 probes) to increase the throughput by simultaneous measurement. For very large batches the analyzer can be equipped with two robotic arms each with multiple pH electrode configurations to increase sample throughput.

A typical soil-pH analysis sequence:

  1. After weighing, the samples are placed in a rack
  2. The racks are transferred to the analyzer
  3. The sample table is made and the operator starts the analyzer
  4. The analyzer starts with automatic calibration of the probes
  5. Subsequently, the analyzer adds extraction solution and stirs all the samples. Between each operation the analyzer rinses the probe and stirrers
  6. After a pre-defi ned settling period the samples are again stirred
  7. The pH value of each sample is measured. The measured values of each sample is calculated and stored

It is always possible to adapt the analysis procedure according to the customer methodologies, each step in the automatic procedure is user defi nable, for example, the stirring time and amount of extraction solution to be added etc.

SP2000series Particle size distribution

The robotic analyzers automate the determination of the clay fraction as well as the sample preparation of the lengthy particle size distribution analysis procedure according to ISO 11277

This procedure requires very precise timing steps, tasks which are much more easily performed by an analyzer rather than a human operator.  The SP50 analyzer automates the sample preparation step, the removing organic matter and carbonates, while the SP2000 automates the determination of the clay fraction. 

A typical particle size distribution procedure:

After weighing, the sample is transferred to a bottle in the SP50 analyzer.

  1. An amount of water is added. 
  2. The sample is heated until the boiling point has been reached.
  3. A sample is boiled for x* min.
  4. During heating and boiling every x* min hydrogen peroxide is added to remove the organic matter.
  5. The sample is cooled down and the same process is started but now with the addition of hydrochloric acid to remove the carbonates.
  6. The sample is rinsed by automatically adding an amount of water and pumping the water away after sample settling. This step is repeated x* times.

*according to the customer methodology

The sample is transferred into a volumetric cylinder in the SP2000 analyzer.

  1. The system automatically adds 50 ml of Sodium pyrophosphate solution and brings the suspension to volume (1000 ml) by adding distilled water.
  2. The sample is homogenized for a user-defi ned time.
  3. After a settling period of several hours a fraction (20 ml) of the suspension is taken at a predefi ned depth from the cylinder and transferred to an evaporation dish.
  4. After drying the clay fraction is determined by weighing the remainder of the sample. 5. The clay fraction is calculated via the software.

This procedure can also be performed unattended allowing for overnight operation. Additionally it is also possible to measure different fractions from one sample or to measure directly after the cylinder is brought to volume.

Robotic analyzers

The SP2000 robotic analyzer - sample preparation for the tobacco industry

The SP2000 robotic handling system offers full automation the addition of extraction solution, shaking and filtration of tobacco samples. The sample filtrate can be offered in addition to the autosampler of the Sanseries CFA analyzer for further analysis. The automated extraction and filtration procedure is according to CORESTA method 85.

Skalar's automated procedure in detail: 

*0.5 g of each tobacco sample is added to a 100 ml Erlenmeyer flask. 

  1. The Erlenmeyer flasks containing the tobacco samples are place on the analyzer on an integrated orbital shaker
  2. The automatic sample preparation is started
  3. The first flask is de-capped
  4. 100 ml of 5% acetic acid has been added to all the samples
  5. The flask is capped
  6. Steps 3 -5 are repeated until acetic acid has been added to all the samples
  7. The samples are shaken for 30 minutes
  8. After 30 minutes the first flask is de-capped 
  9. The sample is filtered through a paper band filter and pumped into a sample tube in an Skalar 1050 or 1074 sampler rack
  10. The flask is capped
  11. Steps 8 - 10 are repeated until the sample are all filtered 
  12. The racks with the filtered samples are transferred directly on the Sanseries analyzer 

In between samples, the needles are rinsed and the filter is replenished to avoid cross contamination.